宾夕法尼亚代写Assignmnet:平衡成本
ASSIGNMENT代写

宾夕法尼亚代写Assignmnet:平衡成本

2016-12-28 14:47

在商业活动中存在着不同类型的成本。定价目的产业需要有成本进行分类。例如:直接成本、间接成本、固定成本等。这些成本单独的单元。定价和成本核算业务必须计算单位成本以确保他们的成本是多少。然后他们必须处理在正面的有:原材料、公用事业、租金等。之后,他们必须确保定价但它是取决于公司的平均成本和客户的产品价值的意见。定价目的一些重要的成本计算,如:成本加,边际成本,价格接受者等。在这里,他们必须确定承包商支付的费用,并支付一个商定的百分比等成本的承包商被称为成本加利润。除了这一个公司必须计算边际成本,其分配唯一的可变成本即直接材料,直接劳动力和其他直接费用和可变生产管理费用。它不考虑生产固定成本。这种类型的成本强调固定和可变成本之间的区别。然而大多数投资者在买卖股票的价格接受者作为他们的行动并不足以改变价格。还指出,一个公司可以被看作是价格接受者,如果商品的价格和数量所产生的实际市场价格没有任何影响,所以迫使该公司的市场价格。任何个人消费也认为是价格接受者;这是因为购买了并不影响公司集产品价格。还有一个重要的成本核算方法,是盈亏平衡意味着既不盈利也不亏损已经获得,这可以看到在平衡成本。
 
 
In business there are different types of costs. For pricing purposes industries need to classify there costs. For example: direct costs, indirect costs, fixed costs etc. Each of these costs has separate unit. For pricing and costing a business must calculate unit cost to make sure how much are their costs. Then they have to deal with over heads that's are: raw materials, utility, rents etc. After that they have to make sure about pricing but it is depends on the firm's average costs and on the customer's opinion of a product value. For pricing purposes some important costs have to be calculated, such as: cost plus, marginal cost, price taker etc. In here they have to identify that which contractor is paid for the costs incurred and is paid an agreed upon percentage of such costs as contractors profit is called cost plus. Besides this a firm have to calculate marginal costs, its allocates only variable costs i.e. direct materials, direct labour and other direct expenses and variable overheads to the production. It does not take into account the fixed cost of production. This type of costing emphasizes the distinction between fixed and variable costs. However most investors are price takers as their actions in selling and buying stocks isn't enough to change the price. Also note that a company can be regarded as a price taker if the price sets and quantity of the goods it produces doesn't have any influence on the actual market price, so forcing the company to go with the market price. Any individual consumer is also considered to be a price taker; this is because the purchase made doesn't affect the price a company sets for its products. There is also an important costing method that is break even it means neither a profit nor loss has been gained, this can be seen after balancing the costs.