普林斯顿代写Assignment:学科知识
ASSIGNMENT代写

普林斯顿代写Assignment:学科知识

2017-06-04 00:35

这些方面指的是教师获得学科知识的必要性,与学生沟通的能力,以及学习如何做到这一点的能力。他们还暗示,教师应该知道什么学生需要学习,他们的期望和目的,应阐明评估的基础。这一内容的知识,包括的知识内容如何教以及学科内容本身学到的(bookhart,2011:6)是重要的学习因为各种评估应基于明确究竟什么是第一位,那么如何评估评估。这反过来又意味着教师应该知道如何制定有效的,健全的和一致的评估,从而掌握的语言测量的五个原则的概念,这是…引用(见,例如巴赫曼et al.,2010);它们的有效性、可靠性、真实性、实用性、反拨作用的递归调用;从理论到实践,从实践到理论。内容知识也需要测量学生的知识,达到预期的目标。他们还专注于教师应获得的认知能力,以便能够分析学生的需求,并确定如何评估与学习目标,最重要的是如何评估。这些需要包括学生应该学习的思维策略,这有助于教师选择合适的项目类型和测试难度。
普林斯顿代写Assignment:学科知识
These aspects refer to the necessity of teachers obtaining subject- matter knowledge, the ability to communicate this knowledge with students, and the competency of learning how to do that. They also imply that teachers should be aware to what students need to learn, their expectations and purposes which should articulate the basis of assessment. This content knowledge that includes 'knowledge of how the content is taught and learned as well as the disciplinary content itself' (Bookhart, 2011: 6) is important to learn because all kinds of assessment should be based on specifying what exactly to be assessed in the first place and then how to assess. This, in turn, implies that teachers should know how to formulate valid, sound and consistent assessment, thereby to master the notions of the five principles of language measurement which are .... cited (see, for example Bachman et al., 2010); They are 'validity, reliability, authenticity, practicability, washback effect' recursively; from theory to practice and from practice to theory. The content knowledge is also needed to measure students' knowledge and attain the intended targets. They also focus on the cognitive competencies teachers should gain in order to be able to analyse students' needs and to identify what to assess in relation with the learning goals and most importantly how to assess. Those needs include the thinking strategies students should be taught, this helps teachers choose the proper type of items and the level of test's difficulty.